Wrestling is a martial art that uses grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds. A wrestling bout is a physical competition, between two (occasionally more) competitors or sparring partners, who attempt to gain and maintain a superior position. There are a wide range of styles with varying rules with both traditional historic and modern styles. Wrestling techniques have been incorporated into other martial arts as well as military hand-to-hand combat systems.
The origins of wrestling can be traced back 15,000 years through cave drawings in France. Babylonian and Egyptian relief’s show wrestlers using most of the holds known to the present-day sport. In ancient Greece, wrestling occupied a prominent place in legend and literature; wrestling competition, brutal in many aspects, was the number one sport of the Olympic Games. The ancient Romans borrowed heavily from Greek wrestling, but eliminated much of its brutality.
The main advantage that wrestling gives the fighter is the ability to dictate where the fight goes. Very few fighers are able to take an opponent to the ground as easily as a wrestler can. Since wrestlers have the best takedown offense and defense in MMA, they can effectively neutralize their opponent’s strengths by utilizing their own. An example of this is a wrestler who refuses to take down or be taken down by a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu practitoner. He forces the submission grappler to strike, effectively eliminating his greatest weapon.
Being able to choose where the fight goes might seem to be a useless ability if wrestler has no other skills. If his boxing is terrible, won’t he risk getting beat up by the BJJ guy with equally bad boxing? While anything can happen in an MMA fight, wrestlers are generally more well-prepared than other fighters. This is due to their fantastic strength and conditioning, a discipline that they learn from an early age and practice throughout their amateur wrestling career.
Pound for pound, wrestlers are the strongest and most well-conditioned athletes in the sport. This gives them a significant advantage in picking up new techniques and just being all-around better than their opponent. Their great conditioning increases their punching power, ability to take a punch, and their ability to power out of submissions. With a fair amount of cross training, good wrestlers can crush even seasoned BJJ fighters on the ground.
There is no dearth of good wrestlers in India. A lot of these wrestlers come from Haryana however they settle in cities like Delhi, Mumbai and Gurgaon to make a successful career post Olympics. Its sad that there are not many avenues for these great athletes. Hopefully with the coming in of MMA, they can use their skills to demolish fighters (Boxers, Kick Boxers, Jiu Jitsu, Karate, Judo practitioners) from the world.